arthritis


arthritis
n.
inflammation of one or more joints, characterized by pain, swelling, warmth, redness of the overlying skin, and diminished range of joint motion. There are four basic subgroups of arthritis: noninflammatory arthritis, including osteoarthritis, neuropathic arthritis, and osteochondritis dissecans; inflammatory arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis, gout, psoriatic arthritis, and juvenile chronic arthritis; infectious arthritis, including septic arthritis; and haemorrhagic arthritis, including haemophilic arthritis (which occurs in patients with haemophilia). Arthritis may be monoarticular (involving one joint), pauciarticular (involving four or fewer joints), or polyarticular (involving five or more joints, either simultaneously or in sequence). Diagnosis is based on clinical and laboratory findings, including X-rays, blood tests, and where necessary analysis of synovial fluid obtained by arthrocentesis. Treatment is specific for each subgroup and may include any combination of supportive measures with activity modification, analgesics, anti-inflammatory medications (e.g. NSAIDs), corticosteroids, and surgical procedures, such as joint replacement (see arthroplasty).
Derivatives:
arthritic adj.

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  • Arthritis — Arthritis …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Arthritis — Classification and external resources Hands affected by rheumatoid arthritis, an autoimmune form of arthritis ICD 10 M …   Wikipedia

  • Arthritis — Ar*thri tis ([aum]r*thr[imac] t[i^]s), n. [L., fr. Gr. arqri^tis (as if fem. of arqri tis belonging to the joints, sc. no sos disease) gout, fr. a rqron a joint.] (Med.) Any inflammation of the joints, including the gout. A variety of forms of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • arthritis — (n.) inflammation of a joint, 1540s, from medical L. arthritis, from Gk. (nosos) arthritis (disease) of the joints, from arthritis, fem. of arthrites (adj.) pertaining to joints (Gk. nosos is a fem. noun), from arthron a joint (see ARM (Cf. arm)… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Arthritis — »Gelenkentzündung«: Die Krankheitsbezeichnung ist über lat. arthritis aus griech. arthrītis (nósos) »Gliederkrankheit; Gicht« entlehnt, das zu griech. árthron »Glied, Gelenk« (etymologisch verwandt mit dt. ↑ Arm) gehört …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • arthritis — [är thrīt′is] n. [L < Gr < arthron (see ARTHRO ) + ITIS] inflammation of a joint or joints, esp. as in rheumatoid arthritis arthritic [är thrit′ik] adj …   English World dictionary

  • Arthrītis — (gr.), eigentlich Gelenkentzündung, zumeist aber rheumatische od. gichtische Erkrankung der Gelenke; daher Arthritisch, gichtisch. Arthritische Mittel, Mittel gegen die Gicht. Arthritidolĭthos, Gelenkstein von Gicht, Knoten, steinige Concremente… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Arthrītis — (griech., »Gelenkentzündung«), Gicht …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Arthritis — Arthritis, s. Gicht …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • arthritis — ► NOUN ▪ painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints. DERIVATIVES arthritic adjective & noun. ORIGIN Greek, from arthron joint …   English terms dictionary

  • Arthritis — Klassifikation nach ICD 10 M00–M03 Infektiöse Arthropathien M05–M14 Entzündliche Polyarthropathien …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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